Integrated Risk Reduction of Information-based Infrastructure Systems (IRRIIS)

Main content

Funding: EU FP7

Duration: 02/2006-07/2009


Public life, economy and society as a whole depend to a very large extend on the proper functioning of critical infrastructure (CIs) like energy supply or telecommunication. The EU Integrated Project IRRIIS - Integrated Risk Reduction of Information-based Infrastructure Systems - aimed at protecting this infrastructure.

The extensive use of information and communication technologies (ICT) has pervaded other infrastructure, rendering it more intelligent, increasingly interconnected, complex, interdependent, and therefore more vulnerable.

IRRIIS set out to increase the dependability, survivability and resilience of the underlying information-based infrastructure and:

  • Determined a sound set of public and private sector requirements based upon detailed scenario and data analysis.
  • Developed MIT (Middleware Improved Technology), a collection of software components, which facilitates IT-based communication between different forms of infrastructure and different infrastructure providers. By supporting recovery actions and increasing service stability in case of critical situations, MIT components substantially enhance the security of large complex critical infrastructure.
  • Built SimCIP (Simulation for Critical Infrastructure Protection), a simulation environment for controlled experimentation with a special focus on CIs interdependencies. The simulator was used to deepen understanding of critical infrastructures and their interdependencies, to identify possible problems, to develop appropriate solutions and to validate and test the MIT components.
  • Disseminated novel and innovative concepts, results and products to other information-based critical sectors.

The interdisciplinary research and development was performed by a well-balanced European consortium of fifteen partners, ranging from academia, technical consultant and service providers to key stakeholders from the fields of energy supply and telecommunication. IRRIIS was supported by the European Union Sixth Framework Programme within the area of “Information Society Technologies” with seven million Euro funding and was coordinated by the Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems (IAIS).



L. Buzna, S. Lozano, and A.-D. Guilera (2009) Synchronization in symmetric bipolar population networks. Physical Review E 80, 066120.

R. Carvalho, L. Buzna, F. Bono, E. Gutierrez, W. Just, and D. Arrowsmith (2009) Robustness of trans-European gas networks. Physical Review E 80(5), 0161069.

L. Buzna, L. Issacharoff, and D. Helbing (2009) The evolution of the topology of high-voltage electricity networks. International Journal of Critical Infrastructures 5(1/2), 72-85.

V. Rosato, L. Issacharoff, G. Gianese, S. Bologna (2009) Influence of the topology on the power flux of the Italian high-voltage electrical network. Physics and Society.


S. Lozano, A. Arenas, and A. Sanchez (2008) Community connectivity and heterogeneity: clues and insights on cooperation on social networks. Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination 3(2), 183-199.

C. Balducelli, A. Di Pietro, L. Lavalle, and G. Vicoli (2008) A Middleware Improved Technology (MIT) to mitigate interdependencies between Critical Infrastructures. Pages 28-51 in: R. de Lemos, F. Digiandomenico, C. Gacek, H. Muccini, and M. Vieira (Eds.) Architecting Dependable Systems V (Springer, Berlin Heidelberg).

C. Balducelli, A. Di Pietro, L. Lavalle, and G. Vicoli (2008) Una strategia per mitigare l’effetto delle interdipendenze tra infrastrutture critiche. Automazione e Strumentazione.

R. Savola, H. Pentikäinen (2008) Suurta verkkoa paikkaamassa. Euroopan Tiede ja Teknologia 1.

A. Usov, C. Beyel (2008) Simulating interdependent Critical Infrastructures with SimCIP. European CIIP Newsletter 4(3), 6-8.

R. Klein, M. Stöwer (2008) Project IRRIIS - preliminary results to increase dependability of CIs. European CIIP Newsletter 4(2), 9-12.

M. Schembri (2008) MIT: A software tool to facilitate CIP. European CIIP Newsletter 4(2).

A. H. Nieuwenhuijs, H. A. M. Luiijf, and M. H. A. Klaver (2008) Modeling Critical Infrastructure Dependencies. In: Proceedings IFIP 10.11 (IFIP, Washington DC).

V. Rosato, F. Tiriticco, L. Issacharoff, S. De Porcellinis, and R. Setola (2008) Modelling interdependent infrastructures using interacting dynamical models. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure 4(1/2), 63-79.

V. Rosato, L. Issacharoff, S. Meloni, D. Caligiore, and F. Tiriticco (2008) Is the topology of the Internet network really fit to sustain its function? Physica A Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 387(7), 1689–1704.

K. Peters, L. Buzna, and D. Helbing (2008) Modelling of cascading effects and efficient response to desaster spreading in complex networks. International Journal of Critical Infrastructures 4(1/2), 46-62.

I. Simonsen, L. Buzna, K. Peters, S. Bornholdt, and D. Helbing (2008) Stationary network load models underestimate vulnerability to cascading failures. Physical Review Letters 100, 218701.

V. Rosato, I. Simonsen, S. Meloni, L. Issacharoff, K. Peters, D. Helbing, and N. von Festenberg (2008) A Complex System's view of Critical Infrastructures. Pages 241-262 in D. Helbing (ed.) Managing Complexity: Insights, Concepts, Applications (Springer, Berlin).

L. Issacharoff, S. Lämmer, V. Rosato, and D. Helbing (2008) Critical Infrastructures Vulnerability: The Highway Networks. Pages 201-218 in D. Helbing (ed.) Managing Complexity: Insights, Concepts, Applications (Springer, Berlin).

L. Buzna, K. Peters, H. Ammoser, C. Kühnert, and D. Helbing (2008) Efficient Response to Cascading Disaster Spreading. Physical Review E 75(5), 056107.


H. A. M. Luiijf, A. H. Nieuwenhuijs, and M. H. A. Klaver (2007) Analysing Critical Infrastructure Dependencies. Pages 295-298 in: J. Beyerer 2nd Future Security Research Conference Karlsruhe (Universitätsverlag Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe).

H. Dellwing (2007) CRIPS: Knowledge based emergency management tool. European CIIP Newsletter 3(2).

W. Schmitz (2007) Simulation and Test: Instruments for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). Journal Information Security Technical Report 12(1), 2-15.

H. Dellwing, W. Schmitz (2007) Crisis Prevention and Planning System. European CIIP Newsletter 3(2), 23 - 26.

W. Schmitz, T. Beer (2007) Methodological approach for holistic security concepts. Establishing security and stability in the wider black sea area 26, 203-225.


V. Rosato, S. Bogogna, F. Tiriticco (2006) Topological properties of high-voltage electrical networks. Electric Power Systems Research 77(2).

W. Schmitz (2006) Overcoming of CIP obstacles by scenario Management. European CIIP Newsletter 2(3), 9-13.

U. Beyer, F. Flentge (2006) Towards a Holistic Metamodel for Systems of Critical Infrastructures. European CIIP Newsletter 2(3), 6 - 8.

L. Buzna, K. Peters, H. Ammoser, Ch. Kuehnert, and D. Helbing (2006) Efficient response to cascading disaster spreading. Physical Review E 75, 056107.

Page URL:
Mon Jul 24 04:40:21 CEST 2017
© 2017 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich